**COURSE CONTENT**

- INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS
- FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
- LAW OF THERMOCHMISTRY
- SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

**LEARNING OUTCOMES**

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

- Define the commonly used terms in thermodynamics. Differentiate between exothermic and endothermic reactions. Solve numerical problems based on thermochemical equations.
- State and explain the first Law of Thermodynamics. Explain enthalpy and internal energy. State the relationship between enthalpy change and internal energy change. State the relationship between enthalpy of reaction and enthalpies of formation of reactants and products. Solve numerical problems based on the 1
^{st}Law of Thermodynamics. - State the Laws of Thermochemistry. State Hess’s law and calculate enthalpy of a reaction using Hess’s law. Explain bond enthalpy and solve bond enthalpy problems
- State and explain the second Law of Thermodynamics. Explain entropy and understand the standard state entropies of reaction. Solve problems related to enthalpy and entropy. Explain Gibbs free energy and its relationship to cell potentials. State the zeroth Law of Thermodynamics.

**Course Content**

- EQUATION OF STATE AND INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS
- SOLUTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY
- SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, GRAVIMETRIC AND VOLUMETRIC ANALYSES

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND CHROMATOGRAPHY

**Course Objectives**

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

Explain and apply concepts of physical and analytical chemistry. Understand equation of state. Define the commonly used terms in thermodynamics. Explain the first law of thermodynamics. Solve numerical problems based on the enthalpy.

__Objective__

The course will equip students in laboratory experiments on reservoir rock and fluid properties, oil well cementing and drilling fluids. It will also equip students on petroleum production operations.

__Content__

Production simulator overview: oil process cold start; bring on stream remote station, well testing. Determination of rheology: viscosity, fluid loss determination, etc of drilling fluids. Determination of thickening time and compressive strength of cement. Core analysis: determination of porosity, permeability, saturation, and overburden pressure.