Global Petroleum Dynamics and Market System, Global Petroleum Pricing and Supply, Time Value of Money in Capital Expenditure, Fundamentals of Petroleum Project Evaluation, Petroleum Resources, Reserves And Production Forecasting, Petroleum Fiscal System, Financial Measure And Profitability, Decision Analysis
POSTGRADUATE MODULE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PERTAINING TO THE OIL AND GAD INDUSTRY.
This is a course in Drilling Fluids Certificate Programme at the Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering. This course helps students to familiarise with the oil and gas industry.
- INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS
- FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
- LAW OF THERMOCHMISTRY
- SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:
- Define the commonly used terms in thermodynamics. Differentiate between exothermic and endothermic reactions. Solve numerical problems based on thermochemical equations.
- State and explain the first Law of Thermodynamics. Explain enthalpy and internal energy. State the relationship between enthalpy change and internal energy change. State the relationship between enthalpy of reaction and enthalpies of formation of reactants and products. Solve numerical problems based on the 1st Law of Thermodynamics.
- State the Laws of Thermochemistry. State Hess’s law and calculate enthalpy of a reaction using Hess’s law. Explain bond enthalpy and solve bond enthalpy problems
- State and explain the second Law of Thermodynamics. Explain entropy and understand the standard state entropies of reaction. Solve problems related to enthalpy and entropy. Explain Gibbs free energy and its relationship to cell potentials. State the zeroth Law of Thermodynamics.
- EQUATION OF STATE AND INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS
- SOLUTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY
- SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, GRAVIMETRIC AND VOLUMETRIC ANALYSES
SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND CHROMATOGRAPHY
Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:
Explain and apply concepts of physical and analytical chemistry. Understand equation of state. Define the commonly used terms in thermodynamics. Explain the first law of thermodynamics. Solve numerical problems based on the enthalpy.
Describe solutions and ways of expressing concentration. Know Henry´s Law and its application. Describe the kinds of solutions. Understand the principles of electrochemistry and electrolysis and their applications.
Define relevant concepts and parameters in solvent extraction processes. Know the principles and methods for liquid-liquid extraction. Know which liquid properties are essential when using these methods.
This course aims to provide students with an understanding of some aspects of Drilling Engineering it which is not captured in Introduction to Drilling Engineering. At the end of the course students are expected to know well control operations, drilling fluid control operations, directional drilling, offshore drilling operations and the economics of any drilling operation.
Formation. Pore Pressure and Fracture Resistance. Drill String: drill string design, Drill Bits: Well Control, Casing: casing design; Cementing: evaluation of cement jobs; Drilling Fluids, Solids control Hydraulics, Rheological Models, Frictional Pressure Drop in Pipes, Optimising the hydraulics of the circulating system; Directional Drilling, Drilling problems.
This course aims to provide students with an understanding of some aspects of Drilling Engineering in which is not captured in Drilling Engineering I. At the end of the course, students are expected to know well control operations, drilling fluid control operations, directional drilling, offshore drilling operations and the economics of any drilling operation.
Equip Students with knowledge on platform types, constructions and main systems and also demonstrate knowledge of equipment used during drilling operations from land and offshore installations
ContentTypes of Offshore Rigs, Types of Offshore, Rigs-Operational Details, Deep Offshore Rig Equipment, Wellhead housing, Subsea tie-back system, Mudline suspension system, Templates system, Subsea BOP Stack, Remote Operated Vehicle, Offshore Rig Selection, Intervention/Workover Control Systems (IWOCS), Deep Water Drilling Peculiarities-Specific calculations, Deep Offshore Drilling Issues, Deep Offshore Drilling Challenges and the Future
The course highlights on Primary oil recovery phase, screening criteria, ways to improve recovery targets, life under secondary schemes, immiscible gas injection, gas flaring, waterflooding, design considerations, technical challenges, current and future R&D directions; facilities modifications and personnel training; forecasting behaviour under various IOR methods and reservoir performance analysis. Importance of IOR in field development studies, IOR project monitoring.
To know the types, different methods and describe the general principle underlying enhanced oil recovery. To know and understand the screening guideline and the limitations of the methods of enhanced recovery methods. Discuss the feasibility of enhanced recovery methods through some case histories in the industry.
Oil or gas wells produce a mixture of hydrocarbon gas, condensate, or oil; water with dissolved minerals, usually including a large amount of salt; other gases, including nitrogen, Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and possibly hydrogen sulfide (H2S); and solids, including sand from the reservoir, dirt, scale, and corrosion products from the tubing. For the hydrocarbons (gas or liquid) to be sold, they must be separated from the water and solids, measured, sold, and transported by pipeline, truck, rail, or ocean tanker to the user. Gas is usually restricted to pipeline transportation but can also be shipped in pressure vessels on ships, trucks, or railroad cars as compressed natural gas or converted to a liquid and sent as a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). The goal of a producer is to produce oil that meets the purchaser’s specifications that define the maximum allowable water, salt, or other impurities. Similarly, the gas must be processed to meet the purchaser’s water vapor and hydrocarbon dewpoint specifications to limit condensation during transportation. The produced water must meet regulatory requirements for disposal in the ocean if the wells are offshore, reservoir requirements for injection into an underground reservoir to avoid plugging the reservoir, and technical requirements for other uses, such as the feed to steam boilers in thermal-flood operations, or in special cases, for irrigation. This course looks at the equipment and processes involved in handling and transporting the processed fluid from one point to the other in a very safe manner.
The oil and gas industry is a capital intensive and very high-risk prone industry. Therefore, before any project is implemented, a series of laboratory works are done to optimise the process of the project while minimising risk to the barest minimum. This course introduces student to laboratory experiments on reservoir rock and fluid properties, oil well cementing and drilling fluids.